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ID AXON406
Author(s)Davide Tronchin
Date8-2-2022
TitleDedica di Messeni e Naupatti a Olimpia
Abstract

Nel complesso monumentale di Olimpia Messeni e Naupatti dedicarono una Nike di marmo a Zeus Olimpio. L’offerta votiva era collocata di fronte alla facciata orientale del tempio di Zeus ed era corredata da un’iscrizione, incisa in alfabeto ‘azzurro scuro’ e iscritta in dialetto dorico, che si compone di quattro linee: le prime due contengono la dedica della Nike da parte di Messeni e Naupatti, le ultime due la ‘firma’ dello scultore, Paionios di Mende, che dichiara di aver realizzato anche gli acroteri del tempio. Il motivo della dedica va ricercato negli eventi bellici occorsi nelle fasi conclusive della cosiddetta ‘guerra archidamica’, indicativamente tra 425 e 421 a.C., e comunque dopo i successi militari di Pilo e Sfacteria ai danni degli Spartani e a fianco degli Ateniesi. Proprio i rapporti di alleanza vigenti tra Messeni e Ateniesi consentono di chiarire la presenza della Nike di Paionios nel complesso monumentale di Olimpia: a questa e a un’analoga offerta a Delfi corrispondono due statue di Nike dedicate dagli Ateniesi sull’Acropoli, per commemorare la campagna etolica e le imprese di Pilo e Sfacteria.

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Edizioni Ca' Foscari

Object typeBlock, appartenente a un’alta base a sezione triangolare per una statua; marble from paros; 136 × 58,4 × 3,3 cm. Complete.
ChronologyCa. 425/4 - 421/0 BC.
Type of inscriptionHonorary dedication.
Findspot and circumstances
20 dicembre 1875. In scavo.
Greece, Elis, Olympia, rinvenuto vicino all’angolo sud-orientale del tempio di Zeus a Olimpia.

Preservation placeGreece, Olimpia, Museo archeologico di Olimpia, nr. inv. 5.
Script
  • Structure: prosimetrum, le ll. 1-3 sono in prosa, la l. 4 è in ritmo coriambico.
  • Layout: le lettere delle ll. 3-4 sono di dimensioni inferiori di quelle delle ll. 1-2 e leggermente spostate verso destra.
  • Execution technique: engraved.
  • Alphabet (colour): dark blue.
  • Special letters: alphaalpha; alphaalpha; deltadelta; epsilonepsilon; iotaiota; nyny; nyny; nyny; nyny; pipi; sigmasigma.
  • Letter size: ll. 1-2: 3 cm, ll. 3-4: 2 cm.
  • Arrangement: left-to-right.
  • Language: >l. 1 Μεσσάνιοι, ἀνέθεν; l. 2 δεκάταν; l. 4 ναόν.
Lemma

Curtius 1876, 178-82 [I.Olympia nr. 259; Syll.³ I nr. 80; Tod, GHI² I nr. 65; IG IX.1².3 656; Guarducci, Epigrafia greca III 405-7; Meiggs - Lewis, GHI nr. 74; Osborne - Rhodes, GHI nr. 164, tav. 14]; IG V.1 1568.

Cfr. Michaelis 1876, 169-72; Weil 1876, 229-30; Schubring 1877, 59; Roehl, IGA nr. 348; Loewy 1885, nr. 49, 39; Kirchhoff 1887, 120 n. 1; Koepp 1895, 268-76; Michel, Recueil nr. 1086; Hicks, Hill GHI² nr. 63; SGDI III/2 nr. 4637; Buck 1913, 137; Nachmanson, HGI nr. 21; Pomtow 1922, 81; Dial. graec. ex. nr. 65; Berve 1942, 97 fig. 5; Harder 1943, 128-32; Harder 1954, 192-4; Lazzarini, Dediche nr. 977; Duhoux, IDGA nr. 4; Fornara 1983, nr. 135; LSAG² nr. 12, 206; nr. 33, 371; tav. 71.33; HGIÜ I nr. 114.

Text 

Μεσσάνιοι καὶ Ναυπάκτιοι ἀνέθεν Διὶ

Ὀλυμπίωι δεκάταν ἀπὸ τῶμ πολεμίων.

Παιώνιος ἐποίησε Μενδαῖος

καὶ τἀκρωτήρια ποιῶν ἐπὶ τὸν ναὸν ἐνίκα.

Apparatus

4 τἀκροτήρια Kolbe.

Translation
Messeni e Naupatti [la] dedicarono a Zeus
Olimpio quale decima (di vittoria) sui nemici.
Paionios di Mende [la] fece
e risultò vincitore per realizzare gli acroteri del tempio.
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