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ID AXON517
Author(s)Livia De Martinis
Date15-7-2022
TitleDecreto onorario ateniese per Timonda (o Memnone) di Rodi
Abstract (max. 650 characters with spaces included)

La stele restituisce un decreto onorario ateniese del 327/6 a.C.; il suo pessimo stato di conservazione non permette di conoscere con certezza né l’identità dell’onorato, né le ragioni per cui Atene decise di tributargli degli onori, tra i quali risulta dal testo unicamente la concessione di una corona d'oro. Se tradizionalmente l’onorato è stato riconosciuto in Memnone, membro – variamente identificato – della famiglia del noto Memnone di Rodi, recentemente è stato proposto di individuarlo in Timonda, di cui Memnone di Rodi era lo zio paterno. Le ragioni per cui Atene decise di onorare Timonda sembrerebbero risiedere nel suo essersi speso presso Alessandro – da cui aveva ottenuto il perdono dopo la sua lunga militanza sul fronte persiano – a favore di mercenari e ambasciatori greci e ateniesi caduti prigionieri del Macedone all’indomani della morte di Dario III. Se così fosse il documento attesterebbe una forma di opposizione da parte di Atene a quella politica con cui il Macedone, insediando in Oriente i mercenari greci che aveva catturato e/o inglobato nelle file del proprio esercito, voleva evitare il rischio del ritorno in patria di masse di cittadini abituati a combattere.

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Edizioni Ca' Foscari

Object typeStele; pentelic marble; 26,8 × 54 × 12,3-12,6 cm, lo spessore - come di consueto - cresce verso la base della stele. Fragmentary. La stele non è in buono stato di conservazione: non solo la pietra è spezzata sul fianco sinistro e nella parte bassa, ma la superficie iscritta è così usurata da risultare del tutto illeggibile nella sua parte centrale (corrispondente alle ll. 11-22 del testo). La modanatura superiore e il bordo superiore che corre in diagonale nell'angolo a destra suggeriscono che la stele fosse sormontata da un frontone.
Chronology327/6 BC.
Type of inscriptionDecree.
Findspot and circumstances
Attica.
Preservation placeGreece, Athens, Museo Epigrafico, nr. inv. EM 2662.
Script
  • Structure: prose.
  • Layout: andamento stoichedico di 20 lettere per linea (la l. 35 comprende 21 lettere).
  • Execution technique: engraved.
  • Local alphabet: (nella l. 6 in ἕκτει è conservata la forma pre-euclidea ει invece di ηι).
  • Letter size: 0,6 (la ο tende ad essere leggermente più piccola: 0,5; mentre la ν e la τ ad essere leggermente più grandi: 0,7).
  • Arrangement: left-to-right.
  • Language: Attic‐Ionic.
Lemma

IG II[2].1.1 356 (basata sulle indipendenti trascrizioni di Lolling e Wilhelm) + Add. p. 660 [Tod, GHI II nr. 199, 281-284 ]; Schwenk, Athens Alexander nr. 58, 289-294 [Rhodes - Osborne, GHI nr. 98, 507-509]; IG II³.1.2 361, immagine Tab. XXVI.

Cfr. Meritt 1961, 98-99 (ll. 1-7, testo e commento); Pritchett 1963, nr. 3, 274-276 (discussione sulle integrazioni relative alle formule di datazione); Harding 1985, nr. 119, 146-147 (traduzione inglese del testo); IHG 74, 136-137 (traduzione e commento contenutistico); Veligianni, Wertbegriffe A155, 94 (ll. 23-37, testo e commento); Brun 2005, 87, 155-156 (riferimenti, traduzione e commento contenutistico); Lambert 2007, nr. 103, 109: fig. 32, 147; IALD nr. 103, 151 (menzione e riferimenti); IALD II nr. 30, 152 (menzione; traduzione e commento ll. 23-34); SEG XXI (1965), nr. 286; SEG XXIII (1968), nr. 57; SEG XLII (2012), nr. 5; SEG XLII (2012), nr. 66.

Text 

[ἐπὶ Ἡγήμ]ον̣ος ἄρχοντο[ς, ἐ]-

[πὶ τῆς Ἱπ]ποθων[τί]δ[ος .]Ι//[․]

[․․․․ πρυ]τανεία[ς, ἧι Αὐτο]-

[κλῆς Αὐτ]ίου [Ἀχ]αρ[ν]ε[ὺς] ἐ[γ]-

5

[ραμμ]άτευεν· δευτ[έραι] φθ-

[ίν]οντος· ἕκτει [κ]α[ὶ ε]ἰ[κ]οσ-

[τῆ]ι τῆ[ς π]ρυτανεία[ς· ἐκ]κ[λ]-

[ησί]α κυρ<ί>α· τῶν προ̣[έ]δ[ρων ἐ]-

[πεψ]ήφιζεν [․․․․8․․․․]Η[․․]

10

[․․․7․․․․] ἔδοξ[ε]ν [τῶι] δήμω-

[ι· ․․5․․․]ΗΜ[․]ΜΝΩ[․]Τ[․․]Α[․․․]

[․․]Η[․․]Ε[․․․7․․․․]Β[․․]Ε̣Ι[․․]

[․․․․․․․14․․․․․․․]Ε̣[․]Σ[․․․]

[․․]Μ[․․․․9․․․․․ π]ρεσβε[․․]

15

[․․]Ο[․․․․9․․․․․]Ε̣Λ[․]ΛΩΣ[․․]

[․․]Ε[․․․․․․13․․․․․․․]ΟΥ[․․]

[․․․․․․12․․․․․․]Ε̣ΛΚΩΙ[․․․]

[․․]Τ[․․․․]ΟΙ[․]ΩΝΚ[․]ΙΕΥΠΟ[․]

[․․]ΕΠΙ[․․5․․․]ΣΤΕ[․․]Ι[․]Λ[․․]

20

[․․․]ΜΕ[․․․․․11․․․․․․]Σ[․․․]

[․․]Ι[․]ΟΙ[․․․․]Γ̣ΥΣ[․]Λ[․․]Ο[․․]

[․․․]ΙΛΟ̣[․․5․․․]Α̣Τ[․]Ο[․]Ι[․]Λ[․]

[․․․] ἂν περιτυ[γχ]άνηι [καὶ]

[πρ]ότερον οἱ π[ρ]όγονοι [Φα]-

25

[ρν]ά[β]αζος καὶ Ἀρ[τά]βαζο[ς]

[δι]ετέλουν τὸν δῆμον [τὸν]

[Ἀθ]ηναίων εὐεργετοῦν[τε]-

[ς κ]αὶ χρήσιμοι ὄντες ἐν [τ]-

[ο]ῖς πολέμοις τῶι δήμωι [κ]-

30

[αὶ] ὁ πατὴρ Θυμώνδου Μέ[ντ]-

[ω]ρ τοὺς ἐν Αἰγύπτωι στρ[α]-

[τ]ευομένους τῶν Ἑλλήνων

[ἔ]σωισεν, ὅτε ἥλω [Α]ἴγυπτ̣[ο]-

[ς] ὑπὸ Περσῶν· ἐπαινέσαι [μ]-

35

[ὲ]ν αὐτὸν καὶ στεφανῶσαι [χ]-

[ρ]υσῶι στε[φ]άν[ωι] ἀρετῆ̣[ς ․]

[․]ς ἕνεκα [— — — — — — —]

[— — — — — — — — — — —]

Apparatus

2 [ος τ]ε̣[τά]- ed. pr., Tod | [ος ἑ]β̣[δ]- Schwenk | [ος ....] Rhodes-Osborne || 3 [ρτης πρυ] ed. pr., Tod | [όμης πρυ] Schwenk | [․․ης πρυ] Rhodes-Osborne || 4 [κλῆς Φ]ανίου ed. pr., Tod | Α]ὐτίου Schwenk, Rhodes-Osborne || 11 [ι· ἐπειδ]ὴ Μ[έ]μνω[ν] τ․․α․․․ ed. pr., Tod, Schwenk, Rhodes-Osborne | .....]ν̣ Ε̣[ὐ]μνή̣[σ]τ[ου] Ἀ K. Hallof, da calco, cfr. IG II[3], 361 in apparato || 12 ΕΙ Schwenk || 13 Ε Schwenk || 15 E Schwenk || 17 ΕΛΚΟΙ Schwenk || 18 ]οἰ[κ]ῶν κ[α]ὶ εὖ πο[ι Tod || 19 [εῖ]επι Tod || 21 γ̣ ed. pr. | Γ Schwenk | Ο Β̣[Α]Σ̣[ΙΛ]ΕΥΣ Hiller, cfr. IG II[2], 356 in apparato || 22 [․․․]ΙΛΟ[․․5․․]ΑΤ Schwenk || 23 [οἶς] ἂν Tod || 36 ἀρετῆ̣- ed. pr., Tod, Rhodes-Osborne | ἀρετῆ̣ [․․] Schwenk || 37 ς ἕνεκα — — — — — — — — — — ed. pr., Tod, Rhodes-Osborne | [․]ΣΕΝΕΚΑ[— — — — — — — — —] Schwenk.

Translation
Durante l’arcontato di Egemone; durante la - pritania della tribù Ippotontide, per la quale Autocle, figlio di Autia, del demo di Acarne, era segretario; il penultimo giorno [del mese], il ventiseiesimo della pritania; assemblea principale; fra i proedri - metteva ai voti; il popolo decise: […]. […] avrebbe potuto incontrare; e precedentemente i suoi antenati, Farnabazo e Artabazo, continuavano a beneficare il popolo ateniese e ad essere utili al popolo nelle guerre; e Mentore, il padre di Timonda, salvava quelli dei Greci che combattevano in Egitto, quando l’Egitto fu preso dai Persiani; che venga lodato e che sia incoronato con una corona d’oro per il [suo] valore.
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Tod, GHI II = Tod, M.N. (a cura di) (1948). A Selection of Greek Historical Inscriptions II. From 403 to 323 B.C. Oxford.
Schwenk, Athens Alexander = Schwenk, C.J. (ed.) (1985). Athens in the Age of Alexander. Chicago.
Rhodes - Osborne, GHI = Rhodes, P.J.; Osborne, R (eds.) (2003). Greek Historical Inscriptions, 404-323 B.C. Oxford.
Tod, GHI II = Tod, M.N. (a cura di) (1948). A Selection of Greek Historical Inscriptions II. From 403 to 323 B.C. Oxford.
Schwenk, Athens Alexander = Schwenk, C.J. (ed.) (1985). Athens in the Age of Alexander. Chicago.
Rhodes - Osborne, GHI = Rhodes, P.J.; Osborne, R (eds.) (2003). Greek Historical Inscriptions, 404-323 B.C. Oxford.
Tod, GHI II = Tod, M.N. (a cura di) (1948). A Selection of Greek Historical Inscriptions II. From 403 to 323 B.C. Oxford.
Schwenk, Athens Alexander = Schwenk, C.J. (ed.) (1985). Athens in the Age of Alexander. Chicago.
Rhodes - Osborne, GHI = Rhodes, P.J.; Osborne, R (eds.) (2003). Greek Historical Inscriptions, 404-323 B.C. Oxford.
Tod, GHI II = Tod, M.N. (a cura di) (1948). A Selection of Greek Historical Inscriptions II. From 403 to 323 B.C. Oxford.
Schwenk, Athens Alexander = Schwenk, C.J. (ed.) (1985). Athens in the Age of Alexander. Chicago.
Rhodes - Osborne, GHI = Rhodes, P.J.; Osborne, R (eds.) (2003). Greek Historical Inscriptions, 404-323 B.C. Oxford.
Schwenk, Athens Alexander = Schwenk, C.J. (ed.) (1985). Athens in the Age of Alexander. Chicago.
Schwenk, Athens Alexander = Schwenk, C.J. (ed.) (1985). Athens in the Age of Alexander. Chicago.
Schwenk, Athens Alexander = Schwenk, C.J. (ed.) (1985). Athens in the Age of Alexander. Chicago.
Schwenk, Athens Alexander = Schwenk, C.J. (ed.) (1985). Athens in the Age of Alexander. Chicago.
Tod, GHI II = Tod, M.N. (a cura di) (1948). A Selection of Greek Historical Inscriptions II. From 403 to 323 B.C. Oxford.
Tod, GHI II = Tod, M.N. (a cura di) (1948). A Selection of Greek Historical Inscriptions II. From 403 to 323 B.C. Oxford.
Schwenk, Athens Alexander = Schwenk, C.J. (ed.) (1985). Athens in the Age of Alexander. Chicago.
Schwenk, Athens Alexander = Schwenk, C.J. (ed.) (1985). Athens in the Age of Alexander. Chicago.
Tod, GHI II = Tod, M.N. (a cura di) (1948). A Selection of Greek Historical Inscriptions II. From 403 to 323 B.C. Oxford.
Tod, GHI II = Tod, M.N. (a cura di) (1948). A Selection of Greek Historical Inscriptions II. From 403 to 323 B.C. Oxford.
Rhodes - Osborne, GHI = Rhodes, P.J.; Osborne, R (eds.) (2003). Greek Historical Inscriptions, 404-323 B.C. Oxford.
Schwenk, Athens Alexander = Schwenk, C.J. (ed.) (1985). Athens in the Age of Alexander. Chicago.
Tod, GHI II = Tod, M.N. (a cura di) (1948). A Selection of Greek Historical Inscriptions II. From 403 to 323 B.C. Oxford.
Rhodes - Osborne, GHI = Rhodes, P.J.; Osborne, R (eds.) (2003). Greek Historical Inscriptions, 404-323 B.C. Oxford.
Schwenk, Athens Alexander = Schwenk, C.J. (ed.) (1985). Athens in the Age of Alexander. Chicago.
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