ID AXON516
Author(s)Silvia Negro
Date23-6-2022
TitleDecreto di Euthemon con procedura di rendicontazione da Halai Aixonides
Abstract (max. 650 characters with spaces included)

L'iscrizione conserva un decreto del demo attico di Halai Aixonides datato al 368/7 e riguardante alcune modifiche nella procedura dell'euthyna locale. Il proponente del provvedimento è un certo Euthemon e, secondo le nuove regole previste dal decreto, il demarco e i tesorieri erano tenuti a depositare ogni mese il conto (logos) delle entrate e delle uscite in una scatola (kibotos), verosimilmente sigillata, per poi procedere, alla fine del loro mandato, alla rendicontazione annuale attraverso i conti estratti dalla scatola, con il coinvolgimento dell’euthynos e dei suoi paredroi. La maggiore rigidità della nuova procedura, con non solo il rendiconto annuale, ma anche una presentazione mensile dei logoi, ha fatto ragionevolmente ipotizzare un qualche episodio di malversazione all'interno della comunità demotica, che dovette occasionare e rendere necessaria una tale riforma. Dunque, il decreto contribuisce a consolidare l’idea della forte autonomia di cui i demi dell'Attica godevano, tanto da poter agire sulle proprie regole interne per assicurare il corretto funzionamento dell’amministrazione e dell’economia locali. 

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Edizioni Ca' Foscari

Object typeStele, con modanatura nella parte superiore; white marble; 19.5 × 27 × 5 cm. Fragmentary, la stele è mutila del lato destro e della parte inferiore.
Chronology368/7 BC.
Type of inscriptionDecree.
Findspot and circumstances
Fine Settecento. Il documento fu rinvenuto da L.-S. Fauvel «aux ruines de Halae près du cap Zoster».
Greece, Attica, Halai Aixonides (Voula-Vouliagmeni).
Preservation placeFrance, Paris, Louvre, nr. inv. MA 845.
Script
  • Structure: prose.
  • Layout: stoichedica.
  • Execution technique: engraved.
  • Alphabet (colour): dark blue.
  • Special letters: alphaalpha; epsilonepsilon; thetatheta; mymy; nyny; ksiksi; pipi; sigmasigma; psipsi.
  • Letter size: 0.5.
  • Line spacing: 0.4.
  • Paleography: omicron e omega presentano dimensioni più piccole rispetto alle altre lettere; l'occhiello del phi è realizzato a semicerchio.
  • Arrangement: left-to-right.
  • Language: Attic‐Ionic.
Lemma

CIG I nr. 88; Froehner 1865, nr. 95; IG II.1 571; Wilhelm 1901, 93-104; Michel, Recueil Suppl. nr. 1506; IG II[2].1.1 1174 [Nemes 1997, 73-88; SEG XLVII, 149].

Cfr. SEG LI, 3; Jones 2004, 112-13, nr. 2; Brun 2005, 140; AIO nr. 973; von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff 1893, 239, nota 30; SEG LV, 1972.

Text 

[Ε]ὐθήμων εἶπεν· ὅπως ἂ[ν τά τε κοινὰ σᾶ]

[ἦ]ι τοῖς δημόταις κα[ὶ τὰς εὐθύνας δι]-

δῶσιν οἱ δήμαρχοι κα[ὶ οἱ ταμίαι, δεδ]-

όχθαι τοῖς δημόταις· [τὸς δημάρχος κ]-

5

αὶ τὸς ταμίας τὸν λόγ[ον τῶν λημμάτω]-

[ν] καὶ τῶν ἀναλωμάτων ἐ[μβάλλεν ἐς τὴ]-

[ν] κιβωτὸν κατὰ τὸν μῆν[α ἕκαστον, ἐπε]-

[ι]δὴ κ[α]ὶ οἱ ἐπὶ Ναυσιγέ[νος ἄρχοντος]

[α]ὐτ[ο]ὶ ἐθελονταὶ ἐμβά[λλοσι κατὰ μῆ]-

10

[ν]α τ[ὸ]ν λ̣όγον· τὰς δὲ εὐθ[ύνας διδόναι]

τῶι [ὑ]στέρωι ἔτει πρὸ [το̃ Μεταγειτνι]-

ῶνος μηνὸς ἐκ τῶν ἐκ [τῆς κιβωτοῦ λόγ]-

ων, ἐξ ἄλλων δὲ μή. στῆ[σαι δὲ στήλην ἐν]

τῆι ἀγορᾶι ἀναγρά[ψαντας τόδε τὸ ψή]-

15

[φ]ισμα· ἐξορκούτω [δὲ ὁ δήμαρχος τὸν ε]-

[ὔ]θυνον καὶ τὸς πα[ρέδρος εὐθύνεν κα]-

[τ]ὰ τὸ ψήφισμα τὸ ἐ[ν τῆι ἀγορᾶι ἀναγε]-

[γ]ραμμένον· ἐὰν δὲ [..........15..........]-

[․․] καὶ μὴ ἐξέλωσι[ν τὴν εὔθυναν κατὰ]

20

[τόδε] τό [ψ]ή[φι]σ[μα?................]

Apparatus

1-2 ἂ[ν σῶαι ὦσι αἱ πρόσοδ]οι ed. pr.; ἂ[ν σῶαι ὦσιν αἱ πρόσοδο]ι Froehner; ἂ[ν...ο]ι Koehler-Kirchhoff || 2 καὶ [τὸν λόγον καλῶς δι]- ed. pr. || 3 καὶ [οἱ ταμίαι, δεδ]- ed. pr.; κα[ὶ ταμίαι πάντες, δεδ]- Froehner || 4-5 [διδόναι τῆς προσό]δου ed. pr.; [διδόναι τῆς προσόδο]υ Froehner || 6-7 ἐ[ξελεῖν δὲ αὐτοὺς τὴν] κιβωτὸν ed. pr., Froehner || 7-8 μῆν[α...Ἐὰν δὲ οἱ νῦν] δὴ καί ed. pr., Froehner; μῆν[α...]ηκ.ι Koehler-Kirchhoff || 8-9 Ναυσιγέ[νους μὴ ἀπολογίσων]ται ed. pr.; Ναυσιγέ[νους μὴ ἀπολογίσω]ντ[α]ι Froehner || 9-10 ἐμβά[τεῦσαι τὸν δήμαρχον αὐτίκ]α Froehner || 10 εὐθ[ύνας δοῦναι ἐν] Froehner || 11-12 πρὸ [τῆς...τοῦ...]ῶνος Froehner; πρὸ [...τοῦ...]ῶνος Koehler-Kirchhoff || 12 ἑκ[άστου γραμματείων] ed. pr., Froehner || 13-14 στῆ[σαι δὲ τοὺς ταμίας ἐν τ]ῆι ed. pr., Froehner || 14 ἀναγρα[φὴν...κατὰ τό ψή]- ed. pr.; ἀναγρα[φὴν ἐν στήλῃ κατὰ τό ψή]- Froehner || 16 πα[ρ αὐτῶι λογιστὰς Froehner || 17-18 ἐ[ν τῇ Ἁλαιῶν ἀγορᾷ γεγ]ραμμένον ed. pr., Froehner || 18-19 ἐὰν δὲ [...ἢ οἱ τ]αμίαι μὴ ἐξέλωσ[ι τὴν κιβωτὸν] ed. pr.; ἐὰν δὲ [ἐν τῷ...μηνί οἱ τα]μίαι μὴ ἐξέλωσ[ι τὴν κιβωτὸν] Froehner; ἐὰν δὲ [μὴ...κ]αὶ μὴ ἐξέλωσ[ι Koehler-Kirchhoff; ἐὰν δὲ [μὴ ἐξορκώσηι αὐτοὺς] καὶ μὴ ἐξέλωσι[ν τὴν εὔθυναν κατὰ] Wilhelm.

Translation
E]uthemon propose: affinché [i beni comuni siano preservati] per i demoti e affinché i demarchi e [i tesorieri] presentino [i rendiconti], i demoti deliberino che [i demarchi] e i tesorieri [depositino] nella cassa il conto [delle entrate] e delle uscite ogni mese, dal momento che anche quelli in carica sotto [l’arconte] Nausigene di loro spontanea volontà depositano il conto [ogni] mese; che rendano conto per l’anno seguente prima del mese [Metagitnione] sulla base dei conti (estratti) dalla [cassa] e non di altri; che pongano [la stele] nell’agorà, avendo inciso questo decreto. [Il demarco] faccia giurare al revisore e agli [assistenti] di condurre il rendiconto secondo il decreto iscritto [nell’agora]. Qualora invece… e non concludano [il rendiconto secondo questo decreto]…
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Froehner, W. (1865). Musée imperial du Louvre. Les inscriptions grecques. Paris.
Froehner, W. (1865). Musée imperial du Louvre. Les inscriptions grecques. Paris.
Froehner, W. (1865). Musée imperial du Louvre. Les inscriptions grecques. Paris.
Froehner, W. (1865). Musée imperial du Louvre. Les inscriptions grecques. Paris.
IG II.1 = Koehler, U.; Kirchhoff, A. (edd.) (1877). Inscriptiones Graecae. Inscriptiones Atticae aetatis quae est inter Euclidis annum et Augusti tempora Part I. Berlin (nos. 1-641).
Froehner, W. (1865). Musée imperial du Louvre. Les inscriptions grecques. Paris.
Froehner, W. (1865). Musée imperial du Louvre. Les inscriptions grecques. Paris.
Froehner, W. (1865). Musée imperial du Louvre. Les inscriptions grecques. Paris.
Froehner, W. (1865). Musée imperial du Louvre. Les inscriptions grecques. Paris.
IG II.1 = Koehler, U.; Kirchhoff, A. (edd.) (1877). Inscriptiones Graecae. Inscriptiones Atticae aetatis quae est inter Euclidis annum et Augusti tempora Part I. Berlin (nos. 1-641).
Froehner, W. (1865). Musée imperial du Louvre. Les inscriptions grecques. Paris.
Froehner, W. (1865). Musée imperial du Louvre. Les inscriptions grecques. Paris.
Froehner, W. (1865). Musée imperial du Louvre. Les inscriptions grecques. Paris.
Froehner, W. (1865). Musée imperial du Louvre. Les inscriptions grecques. Paris.
Froehner, W. (1865). Musée imperial du Louvre. Les inscriptions grecques. Paris.
Froehner, W. (1865). Musée imperial du Louvre. Les inscriptions grecques. Paris.
IG II.1 = Koehler, U.; Kirchhoff, A. (edd.) (1877). Inscriptiones Graecae. Inscriptiones Atticae aetatis quae est inter Euclidis annum et Augusti tempora Part I. Berlin (nos. 1-641).
Wilhelm, A. (1901). «Inscription Attique du Musée du Louvre». BCH, 25, 93-104.
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© 2009 Musée du Louvre/ Daniel Lebée, Carine Déambrosis
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