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ID AXON293
Author(s)Maria Francesca Melloni
Date11-12-2019
TitleEpistola relativa a una manomissione con consacrazione a Sarapis
Abstract

L'iscrizione è costituita da un'epistola, databile al regno del re Antioco I, spedita da Evandros ad Andragoras e Apollodotos, funzionari seleucidi, che riguarda l’atto di manomissione dello schiavo Hermaios, consacrato a Sarapis, e la sua esposizione nel santuario di Sarapis. La provenienza della pietra, fotografata da Ghirshman nel 1959 a Teheran è incerta, tuttavia potrebbe corrispondere all'Ircania, moderno GorgānAndragoras, uno dei destinatari dell'epistola, potrebbe coincidere con Andragoras, satrapo di Partia e di Ircania nella metà del III secolo a.C., sconfitto dal re Arsace I

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Edizioni Ca' Foscari

Object typeBlock; limestone; 26,5 cm × 41,3 cm × 20 cm. Other, la parte sinistra inferiore del blocco, all'altezza delle linee 10-11, è sbrecciata.
ChronologyPost 281/0 - 261/0 BC [Regno di Antioco I].
Type of inscriptionManumission, Official letter.
Findspot and circumstances
5 maggio 1959. A Theran, presso un antiquario, l'epigrafe viene fotografata da Roman Ghirshman e la fotografia viene inviata a Louis Robert.
Iran, Ircania (Gorgan), Hyrcania.
Preservation placeIran, Teheran, Collezione privata.
Script
  • Structure: prose.
  • Execution technique: engraved.
  • Special letters: alphaalpha; thetatheta; omegaomega.
  • Letter size: 1-1,1 cm; 0,6-0,7 cm nell'ultima linea.
  • Paleography: α con tratto verticale obliquo, β allungato verso l'alto, γ con tratto orizzontale allungato, θ con barra verticale alle ll. 4 e 8, o sospeso su ogni linea, π con tratti verticali incurvati, ω con arco a ponte, presenza del segno di interpunzione (:.
Lemma

Robert, Hellenica XI-XII 85-91 [BE 1961, 821; SEG XX, 325; Fraser 1967, 44-5, tav. I; Rädle 1969, 46-8; Garlan 1984, nr. 71]; Vidman, SIRIS nr. 369; Guarducci, Epigrafia greca III 276-8, fig. 97; Darmezin 1999, nr. 205; Merkelbach - Stauber, Jenseits des Euphrat nr. 312; I.Estremo Oriente nr. 280; IG Iran Asie centr. nr. 76, fig. 76.

Cfr. Welles 1962, 290-3; Bömer 1963, 510; Stiehl 1963, 25; BE 1964, 529; Robert 1967, 283; BE 1968, 567; Robert 1968, 424; Vidman 1970, 19, 21, 24; Stambaugh 1972, 11; Bernard 1972, 619; BE 1973, 484; Ghirshman 1974, 3-4; Wolski 1975, 162-3; Will 1979, 288; Bivar 1983, 29; Frye, 26; Bivar 1988, 14-15; Diakonov, Zejmal 1988, 5, 13; Boyce, Grenet 1991, 25, 27, 476-8; Sherwin-White, Kuhrt 1993, 81-2; Bernard 1994, 488; Huyse 1995, 113; SEG XLIX, 1973; SEG XLIX, 2440; Callieri 2001, 108; Bivar 2005, 213; Capdetrey 2007, 80-1, 127; Clancier, Coloru, Gorre 2017, 250; Olbrycht 2018, 364-5.

Text 

Εὔανδρος : Ἀνδραγόραι

Ἀπολλοδότωι χαῖρειν·

ἀφεώκαμεν Ἑρμαῖον

ἐλεύθερον ὑπὲρ βασιλέως

5

Ἀντιόχου καὶ βασιλίσσης

Στρατονίκης καὶ ἐκγόνων

ἱερὸν Σαράπιος καὶ ἀνα-

τεθείκαμεν ἐν τῶι ἱερῶι

τὴν ἄφεσιν αὐτοῦ τε

10

[κ]αὶ τῶν ἰδίων αὐτοῦ

[c.4-6]: Γορπιαίου : ἔρρωσθε

Apparatus

1 : Rougemont, segno di interpunzione notato da Rougemont || 11 : Rougemont, segno di interpunzione notato da Rougemont (x2).

Translation
Evandros ad Andragoras e ad Apollodotos, salute.
Abbiamo reso libero Hermaios per il re Antioco, la regina Stratonice e i discendenti, sacro a Sarapis, e abbiamo dedicato nel santuario l'atto di manomissione di lui e dei suoi beni.
[…] Gorpiaios. State bene.
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IG Iran Asie centr. = Rougemont, G. (a cura di) (2012). Inscriptions grecques d'Iran et d'Asie centrale. Corpus inscriptionum Iranicarum, Part II: Inscriptions of the Seleucid and Parthian periods and of Eastern Iran and Central Asia. Vol. I. Inscriptions in non-Iranian languages (avec des contributions de Paul Bernard). London.
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